Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Harlem Renaissance Poets Analysis Essay Example For Students

Harlem Renaissance Poets Analysis Essay The Harlem Renaissance, 2011)Democracy: By Longboats Hughes Democracy won't suit, this long ever Through trade off and dread. have as much right As the other individual hast Stanton my two feet And own the land. tire so of hearing individuals state, Let things take their course. Tomorrow is one more day. needn't bother with my opportunity when Im dead. can't live on tomorrows bread. Opportunities a solid independent an incredible need. live here, as well. need opportunities as you. In this sonnet you can see the twofold awareness being communicated in the longing of the possibility of Freedom. As an American and as a Black man outwardly glancing in, the line l live here, as well. I need opportunity Just as you entreats that there is no distinction among himself and some other American. He longs for the acknowledgment to come. Included Culled was a pioneer in the Harlem Renaissance. He distributed four volumes of verse during his time, just as short stories, a novel, and works for theater. Had a grieved youth, brimming with surrender. His compositions praised dark magnificence and condemned bigotry and its belongings CITATION Couch 1033 (Counted Culled, 2014)From a Dark Tree We will not generally plant while others repaper brilliant augmentation of blasting fruit,Not consistently face, servile and mute,That lesser men should hold their siblings cheap;Not everlastingly while others sleepwalk we overwhelm their appendages with smooth flute,Not consistently curve to some increasingly unobtrusive brute;We ere not made to interminably sob. The night whose sable bosom alleviates the stark,White stars is no less beautiful being dark,And there are buds that can't blossom at Allan light, yet fold, abandoned, and fall;So in obscurity we shroud the heart that bleeds,And pause, and tend our horrifying seeds. From a The twofold awareness that is being communicated in this sonnet is appeared in the outflow of the magnificence and misery in the nature around him. This is particularly powerful in the line White stars is no less flawless being dull, basically saying that dark skin is as excellent as white kinfolk and ought to be acknowledged all things considered. The hidden subject in the verse of the Harlem Renaissance is a fundamental longing to be acknowledged into standard society, not as inferiors, yet as equivalents. The affirmation of the excellence of the African American and the acknowledgment as Patriotic equivalents is a line that seems to go through these sonnets. Raised and Repressed I raise my arms and give a yell A humble man, I am honored I remain on a dirt of opportunity Gained by ancestors unrepressed And to my knees I fall Surrendering my nobility To anothers beck and call What's more, know somewhere down in my heart That the opportunity of which he and I additionally speak Are regularly completely different. - Holly Gaston Works Cited BIBLIOGRAPHY Boyd, N. (2014). The Harlem Renaissance: Novels and Poetry from the Jazz Age. Recovered from Education Portal: http://training entry. Com/foundation/Counted Culled. (2014). Recovered from Poem Hunter Treasure Hunter: http://www. Pentameter. Com/checked separated/life story/The Harlem Renaissance. (2011). Recovered from History of the Harlem Renaissance: http://historyoftheharlemrenaissance. Webby. Com/list. HTML

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Paul’s Case

In Willa Cather’s story â€Å"Paul’s Case,† the primary character Paul is a disturbed youngster, who is looking for a getaway from the real world. Paul’s method of getting away from his disturbed life is during a time dream. Generally Paul’s safe spot is in New York City. That is until Paul’s father comes searching for him. This is when Paul’s reality at that point takes structure in his fictional universe. In the event that Paul utilizes a fanciful getaway world to escape from his upset life, at that point for what reason does it incorporate him ending it all? I have one motivation to clarify his self destruction. Previously, Paul evidently enters his conjured up universe, the story leaves off with Paul sitting in the basement of his home. As of right now, Paul begins to think about whether his dad heard him entering. In the obscurity of the basement, Paul fears that his dad may think Paul is a robber, and shot him. (pg. 127) The however of death and Paul’s silly running from a disturbed life impact. In result making Paul’s self destruction, when his dad comes searching for him. I trust Paul’s self destruction fills in as a revelation. Paul’s revelation identifies with his battling life, and how he has more to live for than just music. Because of Paul’s revelation, he starts to blur once more into the real world. As the crowd, you are persuade that Paul was dreaming the entire time. The last sentence in the story â€Å"Paul dropped once again into the massive plan of things,† affirms the audience’s convictions. (pg.133) Therefore I think that its difficult to accept that Paul at any point really headed out to New York. Due give that Paul was a working class kid from Pittsburg. Paul completely detested his lower and working class childhood. His disdain of his childhood persuades that New York is the place the high society lived. I think that its difficult to accept that he really went to New York, in light of the fact that the greater part of New York is ghettos. I discover it scarcely conceivable or even conceivable that Paul really lived the vast majority of the story, but instead that he envisioned everything. The principal issue that strikes a chord when accepting the story is the way that Paul had the option to pull off smoking cigarettes and drinking wine freely. Paul was nevertheless a young person with enormous wholes of money. How could it be that Paul had the option to live such an extravagant life for whatever length of time that he did, without being examined regarding anything? The story â€Å"Paul’s Case,† was about Paul looking for opportunity from his own life. Despite the fact that Paul had the option to discover some significant serenity, by one way or another his own issues tail him into is fantasy land. All through Paul’s dream he experiences circumstances fundamentally the same as the ones he’s running from as a general rule. In any case Paul can not get away from his world.

Monday, August 10, 2020

Putting Diversity into Context

Putting Diversity into Context I read a recent NY Times piece, dealing with multiracial students and the dilemma of racial identification on college application forms, with great interest. In my role as the Director of Minority Recruitment, I have fielded numerous calls and emails soliciting advice on how to complete the race and ethnicity section of the MIT admission application. When the questions began, I will admit to being a little perplexed by what seemed to be widespread confusion. When I was a kid, I recall having to identify my race on all kinds of forms, including standardized tests, long before I contemplated completing an application for college admission. From my perspective, checking the box, or boxes to indicate one’s race should be as automatic as providing one’s name. As Chris Peterson, once put it, “If you have to pause, for more than a second or two, to pick your race or ethnicity, youre doing it wrong.” If anything, the ability to check multiple boxes should make it easier to identify ones race. In my experience, individuals from multiracial backgrounds resented having to choose one race over another, and now they no longer have to. While I try to avoid being overly cynical, it has been my sense that very little of the confusion is actually about racial identity and identification.  In reality, most of the confusion is about how to best leverage a dimension of ones personal background to maximize the likelihood of admission in a highly selective college admissions process. Instinctively, I knew this to be true, but most students are unwilling to state this outright. In that respect, I appreciate the spotlight that is now shining brightly on this issue. My concern is that the spotlight is focused on the wrong area. Many colleges and universities value multiple forms of diversity in their student populations. This diversity may include students that are first-generation to college, students from a variety of geographical regions, students from different racial and ethnic backgrounds or any number of other qualities and characteristics. While ones race can certainly come into play in a college admissions decision, the actual impact bears no resemblance to the common perception that checking a single box somehow guarantees a pathway to admission. What most people either fail to recognize or appreciate, is that amongst a host of factors ranging from academic preparation to institutional priorities, the factor that is both most salient, and most likely to swing an admission decision in a highly selective process, is what an applicant makes of the opportunities that are available to them. While I acknowledge that this may seem like an oversimplification, it takes into account both the disadvantages that one may have to cope with as a function of coming from a low-income family or attending an under-resourced school, as well as the advantages that one might experience living in a highly educated household or attending an affluent suburban high school. Regardless of one’s background, if an applicant maximizes the opportunities that are available to them, they should be a viable candidate for admission to a highly selective college or university because they are likely to both take advantage of the myriad opportunities that exist in those settings and have a positive impact on the campus community. If an applicant has to create their own opportunities because none are available to them, admissions officers typically get excited about the prospect of such a student stepping foot onto a resource and opportunity rich campus. Conversely, if an applicant has abundant opportunities and chooses to pass on them, they are likely increasing the chances that an admissions committee at a highly selective institution is going to choose to pass on their application. Most institutions that place a premium on diversity utilize a much broader definition of diversity than what can be captured or satisfied by a simple check box. The most selective institutions scrutinize applications with sufficient rigor to easily differentiate between disingenuous applicants, who are simply looking for an edge in the admissions process, and the authentic applicants that are the most likely to truly enrich the incoming class and the greater campus community.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Common Denominator of Security and Feminism - 600 Words

1.2 The Common Denominator of Security and Feminism Feminism is more than an intellectual enterprise, refers to the area where theory and practice meet, it is about the struggles of the women`s movement and the theory that flows from their experiences, about women`s security understanding that transform our understanding of men`s security. The link between feminism and security points out that understanding security issues needs an enlargement to include specific security concerns and beliefs of women. This research emphasizes context-based interpretations of gender in human security. In respect of a widen concept of human security, a feminist perspective highlights from the very beginning the danger of masking differences under the term†¦show more content†¦The broad-schools of security thinking neglected women`s insecurity and offer only a partial understanding of human security. Patriarchy, in feminist perspective an unwelcome word, determined the bottom of state security needs, as women`s status residence. The current research draws a feminist conceptualization of security, a formula about how human security scholars can mediate between human and state security, reconstructing and promoting the importance of all forms of identity. Human security safeguards and expands the vital freedoms of people, requires shielding people from acute threats and empowers them to change their lives. A gender sensitive human security concept looks at conflict, post conflict, poverty, migration, economic security, knowledge and values. A gendered instrument to achieve human security for both men and women is to allow more women roles and seats in local and national governments, to shift gender perspectives to the political debate. Gender refers to the social and cultural differences between the sexes, is focused on the welfare of people, supports human rights and addresses post conflict resolution. Human security is a wise way forward, but a gender sensitive human security is a way of peace and well-being. As theory, a gender sensitive human security proposes to discuss two dimensions, the first is about feminist critiques of the concept of human security, and the secondShow MoreRelatedThe History Of Childbirth, And Barbra Rothmans Childbirth1454 Words   |  6 Pagesthat at this point in time, it was still the midwives who were preferred as the doctors need to try out new equipment or methods scared some women.[ Dye, History of Child Birth in America, 97-108] Here is where Dye begins to explores the notion of feminism explaining that some may view amnesiac as women giving control up to men.[ Dye, History of Child Birth in America, 97-108] On the other end, she explains that a right to a painless childbirth may also be an example of women taking control. It isRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Ha s Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagesacross the Sahara Desert and the Indian Ocean.11 The movement of Chinese and South Asians before 1820 was generally freer, dominated by traders and short-term debt arrangements. But slave raiding was still common in the waters of Southeast Asia and, like African slavery, grew increasingly common over the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries along with the growth in global commerce.12 Long-distance migration after the middle of the nineteenth century, by contrast, was mostly free. The transatlantic

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Book Review - 1213 Words

Book Review by Martha Hall Findlay, March 2011 Approaching Public Administration – Core Debates and Emerging Issues Edited by Roberto P. Leone (Wilfrid Laurier University) and Frank L.K. Ohemeng (University of Ottawa); 2011, Emond Montgomery Publications I recommend this book to all Members of Parliament. I will go further, and suggest that it should be mandatory reading for all Ministers. As an MP, I was very pleased to be asked to read it and to provide my thoughts. As I responded when first asked to do this, â€Å"We are seeing some real challenges in our public administration, and this will encourage me to read a book that I know I should read, but which I might not otherwise rush to.† This is true, and therein lies a big challenge—this†¦show more content†¦The discipline that results from those forces, and how that affects all levels of management, does not naturally exist in government. The book has done a good job of offering the different perspectives to date, but I hope to see more discussion on how to combine the best of both worlds. It is telling that the essays discussing the role of the private sector in delivering public services are NOT part of this discussion, but found in a separate section of the book. My only comment on those chapters would be to suggest that our procurement processes need to evolve to better understand what is being asked for in terms of private delivery of services, why, and what limits there need to be. I hope to see more analysis comparing both theory and practice in this regard. As an MP, I particularly enjoyed the chapters addressing questions such as â€Å"Do Politicians Control Government?†, â€Å"Should the Bureaucracy be Politically Neutral?† and â€Å"Is Ministerial Responsibility a Dead Concept?† These go to the core of the relationship between, on the one side, the politicians and the policies they are mandated to implement by the people who elected them, and on the other side, the civil service, representing the need for a consistent, effective, efficient, reliable provision of the various services that over time we have deemed to be part of the public service. The essay by Tom Urbaniak, â€Å"Ministerial Responsibility: A Post Mortem† is based on a very blunt, butShow MoreRelatedBook Review : A Review Of A Book Review1431 Words   |  6 Pages Book reviews are just that: a review of a book. They can be used for news articles, blogs, or academic journals. A book review is more than just a book report. It can give the reader more of an insight into not just the book, but the author as well. Most authors write of what they know. For example, some authors have backgrounds in law enforcement so they write about cases they know or have worked. Other authors research groups of people, for example the Knights Templar, and write of whatRead MoreFor this assignment I read the book reviews Limits of Endurance ‘Defiant,’ by Alvin Townley; He700 Words   |  3 PagesFor this assignment I read the book reviews Limits of Endurance ‘Defiant,’ by Alvin Townley; He Accused ‘An Officer and a Spy,’ by Robert Harris; Breaking In ‘The Burglary,’ by Betty Medsger. For the book review Limits of Endurance ‘Defiant,’ by Alvin Townley the reviewer seem to have thought fondly of this book while writing majority positive things about this novel. The review He Accused which went over the novel ‘An Officer and a Spy,’ by Robert Harris seemed to be majority mixed to the pointRead MoreReview Of The Book Thief Essays1174 Words   |  5 PagesReview of: The Book Thief by Markus Zusak It seems sometimes like the market for young adult literature is written down to the readers, almost in a condescending manner. That is why a book like The Book Thief by Markus Zusak is so refreshing in this sea of cookie cutter romances and fantasies. While classified as a young adult novel, it deals with very serious themes. The book’s cover comes printed with this label: â€Å"It is 1939. Nazi Germany. The country is holding its breath. Death hasRead MoreBook Review: The Kite Runner Essay1110 Words   |  5 Pagesparents were killed and left him alone. All in all, the themes in this book shows us powerful messages. In addition, the author’s objective in this novel was probably to appeal to the reader’s emotion. 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Wes’ father calmed Joy down byRead MoreBook Review1706 Words   |  7 PagesGagandeep Singh Book Review A thesis can be defined as something an author tries to prove to their audience. A History of the World in Six Glasses by Tom Standage provides a very brilliant thesis. Tom Standage’s thesis is to inform the audience reading the book about the six vital drinks that helped make up history. He explains this by showing how the drink influenced major events around the globe. He begins with beer which the oldest from the six drinks and ends with the youngest drink Coca-Cola

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Critical Incident †Preconceived Ideas Free Essays

No names are used in this writing to maintain patient confidentiality and conform to the data protection act 1998Critical incidents originated in the United States, Colonel John C Flannagan was a psychologist who worked closely with the Air Force and their procedures for reporting evidence concerning effective or ineffective behaviour within different situations (Ghaye 2006:64-65). Tripp (1993: 24-25) claims that â€Å"critical incidents appear to be ‘typical’ rather than critical at first sight, but are rendered critical through analysis†. Critical incidents can be either positive or negative; They â€Å"are usually experiences that make you consider the events that have happened to try to give them some sort of meaning† (Hannigan, 2001). We will write a custom essay sample on Critical Incident – Preconceived Ideas or any similar topic only for you Order Now Using a critical incident as a way of reflecting helps individuals identify practice that has been helpful or unhelpful in a situation. The value of a critical incident can differ from person to person; it is usually a personal experience with meaning to an individual, however critical incidents can be useful for a range of people for example, students, lecturers, service users and the general public. They give an insight into the feelings of the person writing and are often relatable to others. In appendix 1 I have described my critical incident. Following this I will explain the importance of a critical incident and the effect on practice, in particular how it has influenced my practice as a student nurse. This experience has greatly influenced my training in a number of ways. As a student nurse I believe it is hard to avoid having a preconceived judgement of a patient. After receiving a brief description of the patient’s diagnosis from my mentor, I believed this patient would possibly be frail and sedentary, laid in bed with a poor quality of life. However what I was greeted with was the total opposite. This is affected by the patient’s own judgement of her illness, often receiving a prognosis such as this prompts a dramatic change in the patient’s lifestyle. It can be argued that this is the hardest part in ‘accepting’ a diagnosis is the need to change. ‘In accessing readiness to change, we need to look at the individual’s state’ (Broome 1998:31). If a particular patient is not ready to adapt their lifestyle it can become difficult for them to come to terms with their diagnosis. Patients unable to come to terms with their diagnosis or patients finding their illness difficult after a period of time are likely to suffer from depression or anxiety (Reid, et al 2011). However upon visiting this patient it was clear to me that this patient was able to accept her diagnosis and had readily accepted the challenge to adapt her lifestyle. To me this seemed like a phenomenal act for her to achieve in such a short space of time following the diagnosis. Communication is a key aspect of any type of care, in particular terminal care as the patient in question is likely to feel scared and anxious about their prognosis. There are a number of different reasons for this;â€Å"Including diagnosis and treatment of their disease, long-term physiological alterations, fears of relapse and death, dependence on caregivers, survivor guilt and negative effects on families†. (Groenwald et al 1992: 580)Communication should be an equal conversation that allows both the nurse and patient to include what they need to say. For a nurse it is important to listen to a patient as developing a therapeutic relationship will often make the patient feel more open to discussion about their feelings and concerns. The therapeutic relationship facilitates the ability for a patient to achieve their desired state of maximum health (Brooker, and Waugh, 2007:236; Kozier, et al 2012:95-97) Patients should be able to â€Å"freely express their beliefs, values and concerns in a non-judgemental and supportive way† (Barker 2010:31). A therapeutic relationship is essential in developing trust between a patient and nurse and is fundamental for care with service users such as my patient. A therapeutic relationship can be described as â€Å"one that allows for the meeting of nursing needs to the mutual satisfaction of a nurse and patient† (McQueen 2000:9). This should reduce anxiety and may allow the patient to feel more comfortable in addressing any concerns surrounding the prognosis. This incident has made me think about the barriers to communication and the effects they can have on other staff members, patients and their families. Understanding the potential problems allows us to better understand how something might be able to work more efficiently† (Ellis 2011:88). There are a number of barriers to communication for example; physical barriers such as a door being closed, perceptual barriers for example going into a conversation thinking that the person isn’t going to understand or be interes ted in what you are going to say. Emotions can also be barriers to communication as well as cultural, gender, interpersonal and intellectual (Kozier et al 2012:46). I believe my patient may have had emotional barriers to communication with the nurse and myself. She had already accepted her diagnosis and her decision not to converse with us about her condition may indicate that it was difficult for her to discuss it with others, despite being comfortable with it herself. The fact that the patient was comfortable with her illness made me think about the definition of health. My patient had said she felt healthy and therefore to her, despite having an illness, she didn’t consider herself as ‘unhealthy’. The World Health Organisation (WHO) describes the definition of health as â€Å"a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity† (WHO 1948; Kozier et al 2012:6) although this is the most commonly used definition for health, seeing this patient led me to review its significance. The patient I saw clearly didn’t view this definition to be the same as her meaning of health. Health differs for every individual, my patient felt well and therefore in her opinion she was healthy. It is understandable that she didn’t want to be continually reminded of her cancer, it was enough that her independence had been reduced due to the fact the nurses were coming into her home in the first place. My mentor and I decided to respect the patients wishes and allow her to come to us when she felt she would like to talk rather than forcing her to speak to us, we arranged to keep nurse interaction with this patient to a minimum so she could retain some ‘normality’ in her life. â€Å"Patients are made aware that they have the right to choose, accept or decline treatment and these decisions are respected and supported. (NICE Guidelines 2012) It was at this point I began to understand the value of concordance. McKinnon (2011:69) states â€Å"a partnership of equals on which care plan is negotiated†, concordance enables patients to not only make decisions about their care, but to work in parallel with the health care professionals towards a mutually agr eed outcome. It could have been easy for my mentor to disregard the patient’s wishes and focus solely on her wound care and expect her to simply comply as the nurses are considered to be the experts, however her feelings were recognised and her autonomy wishes were responded to. My mentor displayed an excellent example of holistic care according to Linsley (2011:273), who states that nurses have to be aware of the social, environmental and psychological aspects of health and not just physical signs and symptoms of an illness. Before meeting this patient, I didn’t realise how daunting the experience of health care professionals can be, I had always wrongly presumed people would be happy to receive care to make them feel better, however in this instance it has proved to me that not everyone has this view. It has enabled me to think about my role as a student nurse and it has made me reflect on so many different aspects of good nursing care, from communication and concordance to holistic care. Before my interaction with this patient, I didn’t understand just how important it was for patients to have their say. I couldn’t help but wonder if I had been the registered nurse in that situation, would I have been task orientated and wanted to get the job done rather than taking into consideration the patients wishes? As a first year student I am aware of my limitations and understand that I have a lot to learn. I thought about how I would feel if I was in the patient’s situation and of course I’d want to be involved in the decisions made concerning my care. The experience with this patient has enabled me to develop as a student nurse, and will inform my practice throughout the whole of my career. Seeing first hand such a good example of concordance and holistic care from my mentor has given me a great platform to base my learning experiences on. References Barker, J (2010) Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses. London: Sage Publications Ltd. Berman, A. Erb, G. Harvey, S. Kozier, B. Morgan-Samuel, H. and Snyder, S (2012) Fundamentals of Nursing: Concepts, process and practice. Harlow: Pearson. Broome, A. (1998) Managing Change. Hampshire: Macmillan Press Ltd. Ellis, P. (2010) Evidence-based practice In Nursing. Exeter: Learning Matters Ltd. Ghaye, T. and Lillyman, S. (2006). Learning journals and Critical Incidents. 2nd ed. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. Groenwald, S. Goodman, M. Hansen Frogge, M. and Henke Yarbro, C (eds. ) (1992) Comprehensive Cancer Nursing Review. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlet publishers Inc. Linsley, P. Kane, R. and Owen, S. eds) Nursing for Public Health: Promotion, Principles, and Practice, Oxford: University Press. McKinnon, J. (2011) ‘The nurse-patient relationship’ in Linsley, P. Kane, R. and Owen, S. (eds) Nursing for Public Health: Promotion, Principles, and Practice, Oxford: University Press, pp. 64-74. McQueen A. (2000). Nurse-patient relationship and partnership in hospital care. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 9 (5): 723-7 31. Reid, A. Ercolano, E. Schwartz, P. and McCorkle, R (2011) ‘The Management of Anxiety and Knowledge of Serum CA-125 After an Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis. ‘Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing’ 15 (6), [online], Available from: http://web. ebscohost. com. proxy. library. lincoln. ac. uk/ehost/detail? sid=7e50352a-778c-4db4-be37-388bb618120d%40sessionmgr114vid=1hid=103bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=c8hAN=2011371794 [Accessed: 26th February 2013]. Tripp, D. (1993) Critical Incidents in Teaching, Developing Professional Judgement. Routledge: London. NICE Guidelines (2012) Supporting patient choice [online] National Health Service online. Available from http://www. nice. org. k/guidance/qualitystandards/patientexperience/SupportingPatientChoice. jsp [accessed 3rd February 2013]. Nursing Times (2004) Reflective thinking: turning a critical incident into a topic for research [online] London, Nursing Times online. Available from: http://www. nursingtimes. net/refle ctive-thinking-turning-a-critical-incident-into-a-topic-for-research/200145. article [Accessed 3rd february 2013]. World Health Organisation (1948) World Health Organisation Definition of Health [online] New York, World Health Organisation Online. Available from: http://www. ho. int/about/definition/en/print. html [Accessed 1st March 2013]. Bibliography Barker, J (2010) Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses. London. Sage Publications Ltd. Barrat, D, Wilson B, and Woollands, A (2012) Care planning A guide for nurses. Second edition. Harlow. Pearson Education Ltd. Benner, P. (1984) From Novice to Expert, Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice. Menlo Park Addison Wesley. Berman, A. Erb, G. Harvey, S. Kozier, B. Morgan-Samuel, H. and Snyder, S (2012) Fundamentals of Nursing: Concepts, process and practice. Harlow: Pearson. Brooker, C. and Waugh, A. (eds. ) (2007) Nursing Practice: Fundamentals of Holistic Care. Philadelphia: Elsevier. Broome, A. (1998) Managing Change. Hampshire: Macmillan Press Ltd. Ellis, P. (2010) Evidence-based practice In Nursing. Exeter: Learning Matters Ltd. Ghaye, T and Lillyman, S. (2006). Learning journals and Critical Incidents. 2nd ed. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. Groenwald, S. Goodman, M. Hansen Frogge, M. and Henke Yarbro, C (eds. ) (1992) Comprehensive Cancer Nursing Review. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlet publishers Inc. McQueen A. (2000). Nurse-patient relationship and partnership in hospital care. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 9 (5): 723-731. Tripp, D. (1993) Critical Incidents in Teaching, Developing Professional Judgement. Routledge London. (Appendix 1) During placement I have managed to gain experience with terminal cancer patients. When you go into a patient’s house, I feel you can’t help but have a preconceived idea of the type of patient you are about to meet. I was surprised when visiting one patient, as I was told before I entered the home that the patient had terminal epithelial ovarian cancer. This type of ovarian cancer arises from a malignant transformation of the ovarian surface epithelium, how this transformation occurs is unknown. † (Groenwald et al, 1992: 466-467) When I met this patient I was unsure of what I would discover. I expected a woman that was going to appear physically ‘ill’ and I imagined her to be like all the other patients I had seen with terminal cancer. To my surprise we found her sitting in her conservatory reading the newspaper looking well, she was dressed appropriately and had her hair and makeup done. The patient seemed genuinely happy and didn’t meet any of the previous preconceptions I had when I was originally told about her. We were there to change a fluid bag from the patient’s abdomen and support the patient if she had any concerns about her illness. This is the only thing the nurses do for this patient, her partner, with some help from the Macmillan emergency care team complete the rest of her care. This patient had a persistent disease that couldn’t be controlled. She had previously been treated with chemotherapy to try and eliminate the cancer however this had been unsuccessful. The patient had then decided along with the healthcare professionals, to withdraw treatment and only accept pain relief and support. â€Å"The staging of ovarian cancer is based on surgical evaluation and forms the basis of subsequent therapy†. (Groenwald et al, 1992: 466-467) The district nurse has only just become involved in her care, currently she is 5 months into her diagnosis. When the nurse and I tried to speak to the patient about her illness and how she was feeling, she seemed reluctant to talk about it. The patient decided she felt well in herself and didn’t want to be reminded of her illness, she went on to explain that she had already How to cite Critical Incident – Preconceived Ideas, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Recommendations for Bruno Small Goods towards Improving Safety Culture

Question: Discuss about the Recommendations for Bruno Small Goods towards Improving Safety Culture. Answer: Recruitment and Job Design As a preventive measure at initial stages, recruitment and job design can help towards the improvement of safety culture and the prevention of the aftermath injuries and illness experienced at the workplace. During recruitment, the Human Resource team of Bruno Small Goods should ensure that the selected candidates can demonstrate commitment towards the organizational safety practices. This can be achieved by including work health and safety questions in the interview and conducting safety psychometric testing. The type of job design and work system and its general management can be a source of work-related injuries. Some elements of job design like workload, rostering, shift work, and the communications relationships and supervision if poorly conducted can cause job-related injuries. Therefore, the organization should consider ergonomics, repetition towards improving safety culture that will minimize any physical injuries. Henning et al. (2013) conducted a research on promotion or pr otection of health using participatory ergonomics and found out that when workers were involved in the creation of job designs the rate of accidents at work reduced because they felt they were part of the work system and therefore would report or advice on any perceived risk. Compensation and performance-based pay Compensation is a legal requirement in the instances where the injury occurred at work. However, research done by Bronchetti and McInerney (2012) shows that compensation can to the contrary promote careless minor work injuries. To counter such a scenario, the management should implement continuous error checking system and establish clear guidelines on the terms and conditions which qualify for compensation. Performance-based pay is another way the company can adapt to improve safety culture. Research done by Ellen et al. (2012) found out that employees that were rewarded based on their performance were much committed to the work and did not need supervision as long as the right tools of work were provided. Also, there were increasing levels of worker safety. Embrace and support of safety culture by line managers first Employee attitude towards safety policies and procedures is considered as the first prevention to work-related injuries (Kapp, 2012). To foster such an attitude in employees, it must begin with the commitment of managers through their support and promotion of the safety policies and procedures. The management can be encouraged to embrace and promote the safety policies through performance based-pay and continuous training on the significance of safety organizational culture. Such a commitment will help discourage the normalization of defiance. Without the support from those expected to enforce safety, staff will find no motivation to adhere to safety policies and procedures. The study by (Kapp, 2012) revealed that the support of management is critical industrial setups. The results of the research showed that the safety climate of employees at the workplace improved based on the attitude and practices of the leadership, also, in such scenario, the employees were compliant with the es tablished safety policies. Endorse error checking The supervisors should be tasked to check for errors on a routine basis to avoid or mitigate the consequences of those errors before they advance to serious injuries (Spath, 2011). Based on the Spath review of case studies in the medical field, error checking will establish a continuous learning climate which will serve as a lesson to employees to learn from their previous mistakes and not cover them up. Such an environment of learning will avoid the punitive climate of blaming and pointing fingers to those who err Schultz and Schultz (2015) and instead it will focus on the investigation of the cause of the error after which the entire organization will be able to gain a lesson from it. Promote teamwork Bruno Small Goods Company just like other agencies is dependent on the team of staff to accomplish the objective of improving safety culture. For example, the medical society encourages teamwork as a tool for improving safety during work (Thomas and Galla, 2013). Collaboration features specific activities that the team does (flexible and adaptive behaviors), the thoughts of the members (cognitions), and feelings of the team members (attitudes) Salas Cannon-Bowers, 2001). The organization should encourage its staff to work cooperatively through interaction and synchronizing at the level of the various teams. The coordinated teamwork demands the merging of processes, approaches, and activities that permits the participants to work interdependently. Studies were done by Dollard et al., (2012) in Australia showed that the competencies acquired through teamwork would logically improve safety culture in the organization. References Bronchetti, E.T. and McInerney, M., 2012. Revisiting Incentive Effects in Workers' Compensation: Do Higher Benefits Really Induce More Claims?.ILR Review,65(2), pp.286-315. Dollard, M.F., Bailey, T., McLinton, S., Richards, P., McTernan, W., Taylor, A. and Bond, S., 2012.The Australian Workplace Barometer: Report on psychosocial safety climate and worker health in Australia. Centre for Applied Psychological Research, University of South Australia. Accessed on 4 October 2017 https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sarven_Mclinton/publication/272169998_The_Australian_Workplace_Barometer_Report_on_Psychosocial_Safety_Climate_and_Worker_Health_in_Australia/links/54dd3c4e0cf25b09b912f28e/The-Australian-Workplace-Barometer-Report-on-Psychosocial-Safety-Climate-and-Worker-Health-in-Australia.pdf Ellen, M., Lippel, K., Ron, S., Agnieszka, K., Liz, M., Carrasco, C. and Pugliese, D., 2012. Workers compensation experience-rating rules and the danger to workers safety in the temporary work agency sector.Policy and Practice in Health and Safety,10(1), pp.77-95. Henning, R.A., Reeves, D.W. and CPH-NEW Research Team, 2013. An integrated health protection/promotion program supporting participatory ergonomics and salutogenic approaches in the design of workplace interventions. InSalutogenic organizations and change(pp. 307-325). Springer Netherlands. Kapp, E.A., 2012. The influence of supervisor leadership practices and perceived group safety climate on employee safety performance.Safety science,50(4), pp.1119-1124. Accessed on 4 October 2017 https://www.researchgate.net/profile/E_Andrew_Kapp/publication/257356413_The_influence_of_supervisor_leadership_practices_and_perceived_group_safety_climate_on_employee_safety_performance/links/574d773e08ae061b33031847/The-influence-of-supervisor-leadership-practices-and-perceived-group-safety-climate-on-employee-safety-performance.pdf Schultz, D. and Schultz, S.E., 2015.Psychology and work today 10E. Routledge. Spath, P.L. ed., 2011.Error reduction in health care: A systems approach to improving patient safety. John Wiley Sons. Thomas, L. and Galla, C., 2013. Building a culture of safety through team training and engagement.BMJ Qual Saf,22(5), pp.425-434. Accessed on 4 October 2017. https://bezpiecznypacjent.cmj.org.pl/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/010-Budowanie-kultury-bezpiecze%C5%84stwa.pdf